Addiction

Addiction is defined as the habitual compulsion to engage in a certain activity or utilize a substance, despite the potentially devastating consequences on the individual's physical, emotional, mental, spiritual, and financial well-being. Instead of addressing life's obstacles, tackling daily stress and/or confronting past or present trauma, the addict responds to pain by resorting to a pseudo-coping mechanism. Addiction offers an illusory refuge and leads people down a self-destructive path that takes a heavy toll on both themselves and those around them. Addiction alters the emotions of the addict, who turns to the substance in search of a psychological high or a fast chemical fix. The addict uses the substance or engages in the activity to achieve stress relief, attain a sense of control, change his or her mood, and/or banish real-life issues.

Typically, addiction manifests both psychological and physical characteristics. Physical dependence occurs when an individual's body develops a dependence on a certain substance and experiences withdrawal symptoms upon discontinuing the consumption. Abuse of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, barbiturates, marijuana, opiates, amphetamines, cocaine, and/or benzodiazepines trigger physical dependence. While initially an addictive substance induces pleasure to the user, his or her continued consumption is driven more by a need to eliminate the anxiety brought about by its absence, thus leading the individual to compulsive behavior. In addition, the addict's physical dependence on the substance often becomes a determinative factor in his ongoing use of the drug. Psychological dependency becomes evident when the addict experiences withdrawal symptoms such as depression, cravings, insomnia, and irritability. Both behavioral addiction and substance addiction usually give rise to psychological dependence.

The speed with which an addict becomes dependent varies with his or her psychological susceptibility, genetic makeup, social factors, the substance itself, and the degree of euphoria or pleasure, the form of ingestion, and the frequency and volume of consumption. Addiction is a progressive disease, with the user needing a larger quantity of the substance to achieve tolerance, or the dopamine intoxication effect. The addict often progresses to more powerful substances trying to re-experience their initial 'high.' Addiction produces a state of chaos and wreaks havoc on every facet of an individual's life- from family and personal relationships, spiritual existence, and social life, to health, business relationships, and finances. It leads to legal problems, low self-esteem, self-loathing, broken values, and broken promises, difficulties in the workplace, and failed marriages and/or disintegration of close relationships. Substance abuse and behavioral addiction cause an addict's life to become unmanageable and his or her lifestyle to spiral out of control.

    Related Conference of Addiction

    November 20-21, 2017

    28th International Conference on Psychiatry & Mental Health

    Melbourne, Australia
    February 22-23, 2018

    10th International Conference on Vascular Dementia

    Paris, France
    June 18-20, 2018

    25th World Congress on Neurology & Neuroscience

    Dublin, Ireland

    November 5-6, 2018

    World Summit on Spine and Spinal Disorders

    San Franciso, USA
    June 08-09, 2018

    World Summit on Stroke & Neurological Disorders

    Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    June 14-16, 2018

    3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Dual Diagnosis

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    July 16-17, 2018

    25th World Congress on Neurology and Neurodisorders

    Melbourne, Australia
    August 06-08, 2018

    26th European Neurology Congress

    Madrid, Spain
    August 29-30, 2018

    4th World Congress on Parkinsons & Huntington Disease

    Zurich, Switzerland
    August 29-30, 2018

    4th International Conference on Epilepsy & Treatment

    Zurich, Switzerland
    September 13-14, 2018

    7th International Conference on Neurological Disorders & Stroke

    Prague, Czech Republic
    September 13-14, 2018

    4th International Conference on Spine and Spinal Disorders

    Prague, Czech Republic
    September 19-20, 2018

    4th World Congress on Epilepsy and Treatment

    Singapore

    Addiction Conference Speakers

    Recommended Sessions

    Related Journals

    Are you interested in